Numerous archaeological finds, relics of daily life in Roman Cologne, put the visitor right in the heart of COLONIA CLAUDIA ARA AGRIPPINENSIUM. Architectural elements, inscriptions, portraits, pottery, etc., illustrate the development of the ancient city.
The prehistoric artefacts on display are from the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages: they were found in Cologne. the Rhineland and other selected European sites. Several archaeological monuments have been left in situ and are also open to the public.
The museum is also a research centre, with archives relating to the archaeology of the city, an extensive documentation on historical monuments and a specialist library (at present containing 30,000 volumes).